Copy Edit

Focus on spelling, grammar, punctuation, tense, mechanics, sentence structure, internal language consistency, continuity, and other technical items.

Proofreading

Focus on technical issues such as spelling, grammar, punctuation, typographical errors, spacing issues, and other formatting mistakes. A final step before publishing.

Line Edit

Focus on phrasing, diction, pacing, clarity of author’s meaning, paragraph flow, sentence structure, repetition, redundancy, tightening of the language, catching clichés, and other style issues.

Developmental Edit

Focus on story arc, characterization, believability, plot, structure, and showing vs. telling.